DRACULA HISTORY

Vlad Dracula history

Dracula translation of the word Devil, was given to him when he formed part of Dragon Knights in 1431 in the Transylvanian city of Sighisora. Born as a child of Vlad II. Dracul, Dracula was the King of Wallachia. He was also nicknamed „Cepeš“ – Impaler for his favourite method of disarming  enemies. He not only implemented his method on Turks, but on political opponents and criminals. During his 6year governance, it was said that more than 100 000 people where murdered in this brutal way.

Vlad Dracula is a recognized national hero in Romania. Due to his cruelty he was paid great respect from the Turks, whom he was also an arch enemy of. A popular legend tells the story of a Sultan's delegation, who had their turbans nailed to their heads forever.. after they refused to remove them due to the Islam religion beliefs. Sultan Mehmed II personally commanded a 60,000 army to occupy Wallachia and crown a new king, Vlad`s brother Raduo.

At that time Dracula joined the army of the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus who where hidden in Transylvania  and together where about to attack the Turks. History tells that Vlad Dracula at that  time was imprisoned by the King after he embezzled the money intended for a military expedition. 

In 1475 Vlad Dracula returned to Wallachia with the help of Moldovians. He took control of the throne again for nearly a year, but died shortly. It is believed that he was killed at war by Turks and his head was given to the Sultan. Vlad Dracula in history is known as a very Intelligent, fair but cruel ruler and warrior.

Dracula Novel

Written by Irish writer Bram Stoker published in 1897, the novel is just a spiced up story. Stoker never visited Romania nor Transylvania, however his writing is rich in historical and contemporary legends and facts.

TIP: Read Bram Stoker's Dracula for free (PDF)

The novel is about a young lawyer Jonathan Harker, who is sent by his boss to meet Count Dracula in Romania. Dracula wanting to buy a property in London, after signing the contract asks Harker to stay a bit longer in his residence. Harker was imprisoned by Count Dracula however he escapes to Budapest almost half dead. Harker's fiancé Mina heads to Budapest to take him back to England. Count Dracula follows the pair to England and bites Mina`s best friend Lucy. Lucy becomes a bloodthirsty vampire, Harker together with Dr. Abraham Van Helsing a Dutch paranormal phenomena expert, kill her and the Count flees back to Romania. Not for long the two heroes end the novel by killing the Dracula too.

Dracula places

There are several places which are synonomous to Vlad Dracula and Count Dracula mentioned in the novel.

Sighisoara a lovely historical city where Vlad Dracula was born. Bastille Poenari was rebuilt and was appointed his official residence whilst ruling Wallachia. The well known Monastery in Snagov where according to the legend, It is said that a headless body of Vlad Dracula is buried on the lakefront.

Places associated with the Novel are also very popular. The Golden Crown Hotel (Coroana de Aur in Romanian). This hotel in the Novel is said that Harker stayed until he regained his strength. Romanians have specifically built a hotel bearing the same name and atmosphere clost to Borgo Valley near Bistrita city.  Bistrita city in a misty night is just as mysterious as describes by Stoker in his novel. Bran Castle close to Brašov city a Well-preserved, mystical and also has the depicted look as described in Bram's novel. Despite Vlad Dracula's ownership, he spent at the castle just a fraction of his life.

Vampires

Mythical dead humans feeding on the blood of the living ones. These mythical characters with different names appear in many cultures such as (Mesopotamia, ancient Greece or Rome). Vampire terminology became popular in the 18th Century when myths began to spread from Eastern Europe across the Balkans and Western Europe. Slavs use many mythical creatures in their legends. In 1819 John Polidori's book The Vampyre contributed to a general fear. At times it was highly accelerated by locals that the governments, exhaled graves and tombs. Empress Maria Theresa put an end to it, when her personal doctor Gererds van Swieten investigated ''Vampire so called Attacks''. Van Swieten declared that no such thing as vampires exist. Never the less, today vampire legends are still popular!

Descriptions of vampires and their habits differ, but they are generally known as immortal beings, that turn their victims into vampires, too. They have deep eyes and long teeth and nails.

Myths how to keep a vampire out of sight: